11 June 2001

WW2 German Unform Paint Guide with Humbrol Colours

Guest Article by Antònio Santos - Smallscale (20mm, 1:72 1:76) Paint Guide for WW2 German Uniforms

By Antònio Santos

In this article, some examples of painting for figures of the WWII German army are indicated.

These color schemes and the article itself, were made, essentially, for the small scales (1:72, 1:76 ...) which may not be the best for the higher scales (1: 48,1: 35. ..).

In these scales, the paintings are more complex, with varied shades of the same color for shadows, bends, The indicated colors, in the painting schemes, are of the Humbrol brand and are indicated in several ways:

00 = one color
(00) = an alternative color
00 + 00 = one main color mixed with another
00: 00 = one main color with another for the dry brush
R = Revell inks
G = Gunzi Sangio inks

One of the most controversial points, for the painting of the uniforms of the German army, is his greenish-gray color (field gray). In reality, they were green ... The problem is that there were so many manufacturers of uniforms, which gave origin to various shades of color and also, could still vary, in accordance with the type and quality of the fabric ...

To reproduce that color, we use a dark green that will be mixed with several small amounts of ashen for the various shades: 66 + 111. The Humbrol used to have a color, very acceptable for these figures: the 108 (WWI green), but, it is not indicated in the most recent catalogs ...

In relation to the equipment, one of the most representative pieces, of a German soldier, was his helmet, a descendant of that used in the WWI and was made of steel with 1.2mm of thickness. The first ones, model 1935, had lateral insignia that represented the various armed forces. As a curiosity: tradition says, compared to the French Army's helmet, while it was drawn by a group of artists, the German helmet was designed by a group of doctors. It will not be by chance that many armies, today, use a helmet with a similar design ...

Another typical element, of the German soldier, was the gas mask case, which was made of stamped steel, being, in tone of color, a little lighter than the helmet: 66 + 111, (66 + 102) . The cup and the receptacle for water, were made of aluminum, the latter lined with felt.

The bag known as "bread-bag", was used to carry the soldier's personal items, being made in cotton. There were sacks in different colors and with different shades. For painting, we can use the following colors: 83; 83 + 93; 93 + 105; 105 + 111; 77 (77 + 111) - these, last two, for the Luftwaffe (air force).

To complete the equipment, it is necessary to reference a shovel and the harness, consisting of a belt, belt loops, cartridge belts, etc ...


1 - This is an infantry soldier, fully equipped, in the early years of the war. The colors of the jacket and the pants could vary in tone, with the pants being slightly darker.

2- It is a non-commissioned officer, identified by the silver bands, around the neck. This jacket, with dark green collar, indicative of the early days of the war, was soon abandoned to be made of the same cloth. It has the bicornio (feldmutze), model 1938, characteristic of the infantry.

3- It is an artillery officer, as indicated by the red strips, in boné and platinas. The other colors, to represent the different weapons, are: rodent for the crazed forces, the target for the infantry and the green for the panzergrenaderos. These colors, in the soldiers, are painted around the platinums and, in an inverted "V", in the bicorns and bones. This officer, you saw riding breeches, darker than the blouse and boots, also riding.

4 - This 1st panzergrenadier, as indicated by the "V" in the arm and green lists on the plates, carries the famous weapon Mauser "Karabiner" Gwehr98 (G98). This model is a descendant of other Mauser, with some modifications, which were used since the end of the XIX century, passing WWI, being this model acquired by several countries, such as Spain and Portugal. It was used, with some improvements, attached to the 1960s.

5 - This camouflage scheme is distinctive of the Wehrmacht. It was characterized by spots with straight ridges, known as "flakes". The whole, was dotted with a "rain" of green stripes.
The jacket, the pants and the cover of the cap are reversible, being on the other side, white. In this case, we know that we are in the end of the war (44-45), because he wears boots with a short spout, with canvas leggings, which, due to a shortage of material and low price, will replace the army's famous army boots. German.

Carries two ammo boxes for the MG42.

6 - This shooter, carries an MG42, considered by many, the best machine gun of the war and that, after 1945, was adopted by several countries.  He has dressed a "tarnajacke" with the typical camouflaged infantry.  In the helmet, it has branches fixed with an inner tube removed from a tyre.

7- Soldier of the Afrika Korps. The white cloth, served to cover the face during storms of sand or clouds of dust, erected by vehicles. In the capacete, dark spots were applied to disguise the brightness and avoid reflections the long distances.

The pants were more used than the calzones - mainly, on the battle front - and existed in two colors: green (72) or sand. These high-waisted boots, in fabric, albeit not too hard and breathe well, avoid twisting the foot ankle, when apertadas. The soldiers, in the general, wore short-barreled boots and some, like "a la ingles" type ...

8- This type of camouflage was rare, being used mainly by drivers. It has rounded edges, type "cloud".

The "jerrycan" has a white cross painted, a sign that it carries water.

9, 10, 11 - They are a medical team from the Wehrmacht.
The doctor is the one with the big red cross in the cap. The duas bags, to the forehead, contains first aid. It is noteworthy that the receptacles of the water, are not fixed to the belt.


12- It is an official, mounted, of the artillery, identified as such, by the bag of maps that it transports.
 The German army, never dispensed with horses and carts (son tudo to disfarzar this situation), to solve their transport problems! ...

13º- Soldier of the air force (Lufwaffe). The uniform is the same as that of the Wehrmacht, being bluish gray and not blue, as in some prints. The equipment and armament was equal to that of the other forces

14th - The paratroopers (fallshirmajaguer), were considered an elite force, of the German army, being linked to the Lufwaffe.

The helmet, is the same as the 1938 model, only that, in a trimmed version. The piece, which most distinguished the paratroopers, was his jump blouse, made of cotton and dressed over the common uniform. The first ones were green clear ashen, but, later, those that came to be the most common were distributed: with the camouflage, typical, of the Wehrmacht- type in "flakes".

The airborne troops, had some exclusive equipment, as in this case, the bandoliers to load the ammunition (which also had in the camouflaged version) and the weapon, automatic, FG42.

15, 16, 17 - These are the various camouflages of the Waffen-SS.

15- This type of camouflage, jacket and capacete, imitating leaves, was one of the most characteristic. And the pants, has another type of camouflage, called 1943 model that was also used by AFV crews.

16 - This camouflage was quite used - being, perhaps, the most famous - and it was in the most known battlefields (Europe), after D-Day. The harried forces, of the Waffe-SS, also used this type of camouflage .

It is constituted by four colors, being the lightest, the first to be painted and the last, the darkest.

The weapon is an STG44-Sturmgeweehr - assault rifle. His manufacture was decentralized: some factories made the pieces, others made the assembly. He was quite successful on several fronts, but due to lack of raw material and other military priorities, his production was insignificant. His drawing inspired many post-war weapons, being considered the "mother" of all assault rifles.

Finally, it is noteworthy that the eagle passed from the chest to the left arm.

17th - This soldier has a camouflage indicated for autumn. In the arm, has two strips indicating the destruction of two tanks, at hand (grenades, mines ...). The weapon, antitank, is a Panzerfaust and was much used, at the end of the war, by the Wehrmacht , being a characteristic of the last defenders of Berlin.

The gun is an MP40 and was very popular in the German army. Derived from the MP38, officially adopted in 1938, the first has incorporated a splittable carriage. It only made automatic shot and the first ones did not have lock of surenza, the one that during the transport, they could shoot, coincidentally, the any moment ...

 The colors and the respective equivalences, which I will indicate, are those that were not mentioned in the last articles.

 11-silver-90 (R) -H8 (G)
 24-trainer yellow-15 (R)
 32-dark gray- (87 (R)) - H72 (G)
 60-scarlet-36 (R) -H13 (G)
 80-grass green-360 (R)
 90-beigi green- (89 (R) +45 (R)) - H31 (G)
 93-desert yellow- (88 (R)) - H79 (G)
 98-chocolate- (383 (R) +8 (R))
100-red brown
102-army green
105-marine green-361 (R) -H340 (G)
110-natural wood-382 (R)
119-light earth-H310 (G)
149-dark green- (362 (R)) - H302 (G)
159-khaki drab- (86 (R) +363 (R))
186-brown- (380 (R)) - H302 (G)
191-chrome silver
250-desert sand- (88 (R) +25 (R))

- Uniforms of the Seconde Guerre Mondiale - Peter Darman (édition française) Éditions de L'Orxois - 1999
- 50 Years Depois Diário de Notícias
- Applied Modeling Volume II, V SK Projects, S.L.- Marco Ibérica, S.A.- 1996
- Techniques of Modeling Volume IV Ediciones Genesis, S.A.- 19991
- Hors-Serie Stell-Masters nº2
 Historie & Collections, SA- 1999
© Antònio Santos, 11th-June-2001
e-mail: Santonuno@mail.pt

02 May 2001

Waiting for Ivan - Diorama

Waiting for Ivan - Diorama by Stephen Brezinski

By Stephen Brezinski (original article formerly on the miniaturezone.co.uk website)

Set in Summer of 1944, Belarus.

A StuH III ausf. G with supporting infantry and a Schwimwagen reconnaissance vehicle wait behind the safety of a stone wall for Soviet forces.

The StuH is a support version of the Sturgeschutz armed with a 105 mm howitzer. The kit is ESCI's, in 1/72 scale with a few modifications such as bolted on supplemental armor on the front. Three hatches are open and there is a full interior but unfortunately little of it can be seen though the small hatches. A very nice kit and the best small scale plastic Stug kit I know available, though rare at this time.

The Schwimwagen is Hasegawa's 1/72 kit which I believe is the best Schwimwagen kit produced in plastic. Both kits were painted in acrylic paints and with artist oil camoflage colors. The stone wall is a resin casting, the manufacturer is unknown to me.

The figures are a mixture of ESCI soft plastic and hard plastic.

Stephen Brezinski, Maine USA

07 January 2001

USAF Personnel with B-17 Bomber

By David O. García - USA (2001) (original article formerly on the miniaturezone.co.uk website)

A photo of some Airfix USAAF figures, with one Hasegawa fig. as well, along with an Airfix B-17 kit.

The Airfix B-17G has been converted to an early version using their rear fuselage from a Revell B-17F. The attachment point was just aft of the radio compartment. It took some work because the Airfix fuselage is bigger than the Revell version.

The turrets are from the Hasegawa B-17 kit as are the side gun mounts in the nose. Paint by Tamiya and decals by Super Scale.

I have seen this kit built many times and very few modelers mask the cockpit windows properly. Even Airfix masked the windows incorrectly in some of their editions.

The Norton bombsight has been covered as per regulations.

The Airfix figures are a little small. They are sold as HO scale but are ok for my purposes. The Hasegawa fig. is from their WWII pilots set. They were painted with Humbrol paints exclusively.

30 August 2000

German Flak Outpost - By Nuno Santos

By Nuno Santos (original article formerly on the miniaturezone.co.uk website)

This diorama was built in 1995 consists of a fortification , with an antiaircraft gun and a truck .

The truck is an OPEL BLITZ in scale 1 /72 ESCI- ERTL . This kit was produced in 1988 with the reference 8355 , and contains 64 pieces.

It's a simple kit without great detail. In assembly, the hardest part is the placement of the cabin. I rode the cab overconfident and the result was discouraging . The last piece was bad seasoned unite with the rest of the cabin. As the pieces have almost no fixation point is we need to study what part should be attached first - is that the assembly diagram indicating the placement sites but do not indicate the assembly steps . I had to take off some of the pieces , which was not easy and I went to hit the assembly , with some cuts and modeling clay to cover imperfections .

In this miniature , I conducted some modifications : I opened one of the doors of the cabin, put ' glasses ' windshield and doors ( I used clear plastic , malleable , I got a package ), the canvas roof has been foil manufactured cooking - the two arcs are small clips .

For miniature painting three colors : olive green , sand and black . I used the colors of HUMBROL : for painting miniature general used 63 -sand color , applied the 86 -light olive colored in camouflage stripes , the 33 -black for the wheels on canvas colors used 26 - khaki for the exterior and for the interior 63 . For the whole model , I applied the ink -mid 84 stone , quite diluted , to enhance the details. Finally in headlights 11 applied silver color and the radiator and side openings 33 used color , well diluted .

The OPEL BLITZ 3 tons , which represents the model arises in 1937 and was one of the first to follow the practice , adopted in 1938 , construction of civilian vehicles that could also be adopted for military purposes . This model has total length 6.10m by 2.27 wide and 2.25 m high. OPEL engine had a 3.5- liter capacity and 64cv then be increased to 3.6 liters and 75hp . The top speed was 85km / h with a range of 320kms .

The anti-aircraft weapon (AAA ) is a Flakvierling 38 quadruple ( four guns) of 20mm and is considered one of the best aircraft at the time, with remarkable firepower - 800 rounds / min .. He was seated on a triangular base that each point had a device for leveling the gun. The three seats were removable , folding cranks and had room for the ammo boxes . The firing of the weapon is made via two pedals , in that each of the cannon fires two on each side.

The shot can be automatic or semiautomatic . The initial velocity was 900m/seg shot . with an effective range of 2,000 m . Because firepower , needed a lot of ammunition. The angle of jurisdiction of the guns was 90 º upward and 10 º downward able to rotate all around 360 º. We used a lot against low altitude aircraft and was installed in permanent premises. They were also installed in some vehicles - OPEL BLITZ ; Sd.Kfz 7/1 ; PANZER IV wirbelwind ...

Fortification is my creation and plaster . The molds were made with kitchen match sticks . It took five molds (Figure 10 ) : the top ( A) , bottom ( B ), the portal ( C ), the lateral wall ( D ) blocks to the steps that were carved after the plaster has dried ( E). The various sections were attached with white glue for wood. I painted the first structure , with color 175 - hellgrau 76 . Once dry , the color wash with 119 -light earth well diluted .

In relation to accessories: the two rifles ( MAUSER ) are of the HASEGAWA - MB35 reference , in the truck , the two barrels and the box are the reference ESCI 8060 , 1986 , the bars are kitchen match sticks , the barrel was pulled HELLER kit with the reference 80815 - " NINA " scale 1/75 .

As for the soldiers , the three that are next to the truck that I adapted for sappers , are the reference AIRFIX 01755 - LUFTWAFFE PERSONEL . Modified only one withdrawing the hand tool . The other two soldiers in the fort are from the Matchbox ( 1982 ) and both were modified . Because they are made of plastic is malleable , with the points of the fingers ( thumb and index) you can change the positions of the arms , legs , head and trunk - for smaller parts ( such as hands and feet ) used a flat nose pliers , and with a knife I removed the objects.

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© Antònio Santos , 30th August 2000